JEE Main Preparation Tips | How to Prepare for JEE Main?

JEE Main exam, conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) is one of the most popular for those who wants to pursue engineering.

It is a very tough & competitive examination as lakhs of students appeared in this entrance exam to take admission into the National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and other Government-funded Technology Institutes (GFTIs).

JEE Main Preparation Tips

JEE Main is also works as preliminary exam for those who wants to study in the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) the JEE Advanced. Among JEE Main candidates only 2,50,000 will be allowed for JEE Advanced.

Considering its toughness, you have to preparation in the best possible way. Before proceeding towards JEE Main preparation, you should know all details regarding JEE Main exam.

Here, we will discuss some JEE Main Preparation tips and tricks to crack the exam. To your preparation better, you have to follow few points step by step.

  • Check Eligibility Criteria
  • Go through the whole syllabus
  • Analyze Exam Pattern
  • Prepare Study Plan
  • Reference Books
  • Attend Mock Tests as well as Previous Years Papers
  • Exam Day’s Plan

Some important facts you should know.

  • JEE Main exam conducted twice in a year – in January and April.
  • National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts this exam Online (computer based test)
  • You can apply for JEE Main exam online
  • This entrance examination is conducted across 233 cities in India and 9 cities abroad through multiple sessions.

JEE Main Eligibility Criteria

You have to fulfill the following parameters to attend JEE Main exam. There are two parts of the eligibility criteria for JEE Main.

A) Eligibility Criteria needed to appear in JEE Main exam.

B) Eligibility Criteria needed to take admission in NITs, IIITs, CFTIs, SFIs, State Engineering Colleges other participating institutions.

  • Eligibility Criteria needed to appear in JEE Main exam:

Nationality: Indian Citizens along with foreign national aspirants as well as NRIs, PIOs, OCIs are allowed to apply for JEE Main 2021.

Age: Age limit is not specified by NTA to apply for JEE Main 2023. A relaxation of 5 years is provided to SC, ST and PwD candidates.

Educational Qualifications: Must complete 10+2 from a recognized board. Students pursuing 10+2 and will pass in 2024 are also allowed to apply.

  • Eligibility Criteria needed to take admission in NITs, IIITs, CFTIs, SFIs, State Engineering Colleges other participating institutions:
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Qualification: All India Rank (AIR) will be taken into consideration along with 75% (ST/SC – 65%) marks in 12th grade and 20% in the qualifying exam.

For B. Arch, students have to pass qualifying exam with a minimum of average 50% and also in the PCM subjects. And for B. Plan 50% in Maths required along with 50% marks in aggregate.

Attempts: You can make three consecutive attempts for JEE Main and two consecutive attempts for JEE Advanced. First attempt should be immediately after 12th board exam and other two attempts in the consecutive years.

Syllabus for JEE Main

It is a very essential part of your preparation to be familiar with syllabus. NTA has given the syllabus of JEE Main exam in detail. Questions are asked in JEE Main Exam Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics of 11 and 12 grade. Having complete knowledge about syllabus will help you a lot in your preparation.

First of all, try to segregate all the topics according to class 11 and class 12 that will help you to prepare for board exam as well as JEE Main exam. Point out different topics according to their weightage. This will help you to plan your strategy for JEE Main.

Make a list of topics into grade 11 and grade 12 that are included in the JEE Main exam. Analyze weightage of the different topics and arrange them accordingly. Now, divide these topics in easy and difficult.

Important Topics According to their Weightage:

Analysis of syllabus is very important and divide topics which are more important for JEE Main. Here, we will provide you important topics and their weightage of different subjects in JEE Main.


To score better, you should have good understanding of basics. Give more emphasis on the basics and then memorize formulas. After completing every topic try to attempt practice set related to it.

TopicsWeightage (in %)
Physics and Measurement4%
Work, Energy and Power3%
Rotational Motion3%
Properties of Solids and Liquids5%
Kinetic theory of Gases3%
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating currents3%
Experimental skills3%
Laws of motion3%
Oscillations and Waves3%
Current Electricity8%
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism5%
Electromagnetic Waves5%
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation6%
Atoms and Nuclei3%
Electronic devices14%
Communication Systems5%

Useful Books

  • Concepts of Physics – H.C.Verma
  • Fundamentals of Physics – Halliday and Walker
  • Understanding of JEE Physics – D.C. Pandey
  • Problems in General Physics – I.E Irodov
  • Understanding physics – Freedman and Young
  • Problems in Physics – SS Krotov
  • Problems and solution of physics – Shashi Bhushan Tiwari
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In this subject you have to do lots of practice. Learn every possible tricks and formulas.

Sets, Relations and Functions5%
Complex numbers and quadratic equations7%
Matrices and Determinants7%
Permutations and combinations4%
Binomial theorem and its simple applications2%
Sequence and series5%
Integral Calculus9%
Limit, continuity and differentiability10%
Co-ordinate geometry15%
Three Dimensional Geometry6%
Vector Algebra5%
Statistics and Probability8%
Mathematical reasoning3%
Differential equations3%
Mathematical Induction3%

Useful Books

  • Higher Algebra – Hall and Knight
  • Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations – R.C. Mukherjee
  • Problems Plus in IIT Mathematics – A. Das Gupta
  • Objective Mathematics – R D Sharma
  • Plane Trigonometry – S L Loney
  • Algebra – Dr. S K Goyal (Arihant Publications)


For inorganic chemistry, follow NCERT books which will be useful to clear your basics. Study reaction mechanism and memorize all important reactions name.

For physical chemistry, go through the NCERT books and clear your doubts. Note down all the important equations and solve questions related to it.

Some basic concepts in chemistry5%
States of matter3%
Atomic Structure3%
Chemical Thermodynamics4%
Redox Reaction and Electrochemistry4%
Chemical kinetics3%
Surface Chemistry1%
General Principle and process of Isolation of metals2%
Classification of Elements and Periodic table3%
p- Block Elements5%
S – Block Elements Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals1%
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure5%
d – and f – BLOCK ELEMENTS4%
Co-ordination Compounds4%
Environmental Chemistry3%
Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds3%
Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry3%
Organic Compounds containing Halogens2%
Organic Compounds containing Oxygen6%
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen1%
Chemistry in Everyday Life4%
Principles Related to Practical Chemistry3%

Useful Books

  • Organic Chemistry – Morrison and Boyd
  • Numerical Chemistry – P. Bahadur
  • Practice Book Chemistry For Jee Main and Advanced 2021 – Arihant Experts
  • NCERT Textbooks (for Class XI and XII )
  • Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations – R.C. Mukherjee
  • Organic Chemistry – O P Tandon
  • Concept of Physical Chemistry – P Bahadur
  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry – J D Lee
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JEE Main Exam Pattern

You must have complete idea about exam pattern of JEE Main and this will help you to plan your preparation. Some key points of JEE Main exam are given below:

  • Mode of Examination: Computer Based Test (Online)
  • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
  • Total number of Questions: 90 (30 from each subject)
  • Types of Questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
  • Medium of Exam: English or Hindi Gujarati (Candidates from Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli)
  • Full Marks: 360
  • Time Allotted: 3 Hours
  • Marking Scheme: For every right attempts 4 marks will be given and 1 mark will be penalized for every wrong response.

JEE Main Preparation Tips

How to start JEE Main preparation is the most asked question from aspirants. After having a complete knowledge of syllabus and exam pattern, find out that topics from which most of the questions are asked.

Remember some points while preparing study plan.

  • Allot sufficient time for the difficult topics.
  • Make sure that revision of every topic is frequent.
  • Give equal attention to all the topics.

General Preparation Tips

  • Study chapter-wise and clear concept in depth.
  • During study, note down important points and make short notes Which will be helpful at the time of revision and exam time.
  • Attempt practice set, after completing each and every topic. This will help you to know your extension and level of preparation.
  • Analyze your practice set or mock tests you have to know your weak and strong areas.
  • Clear all doubts and misconception after every mock test.
  • Be mentally and physically healthy as this is an important factor for your preparation. Take enough rest or break during preparation.

The more you practice the more your understanding will be better. After completing the whole syllabus attempt as much possible as mock tests, practice set, sample papers. There is no short-cut to achieve your goal. So, be healthy and work hard.

Exam Day’s Plan

  • Locate your exam center before one or two days of the exam date and reach there before time.
  • Take exam kits such as admit card /hall ticket, photo ID, black ball pen etc. with you.
  • Do not be tensed about your result during exam and try to attempt questions attentively.

Hard work is the key of your success and only committed aspirants can reach to the goal.

JEE Main Preparation FAQs

Q1. I have just completed my 12th board exam and my percentage is less than 75%. Can I take preparation for JEE Main?

Ans: Yes, you are eligible for JEE Main but you may face difficulties during counselling. To get admission into the IITs, NITs, and GFTIs, you have to obtain minimum 75% in 12th grade along with 20 percentiles in the qualifying exam.

Q2. I have appeared and cleared the 2022 JEE Main. Can I make another attempt to improve in the next JEE Main exam?

Ans: Yes, you can appear for the exam.

Q3. What is the type of questions asked in JEE Main exam??

Ans: Multiple Choice Questions are asked and you have to choose one option from the given four options. In the drawing section, drawing and sketching skills is tested.

Q4. What is the marking scheme of JEE Main??

Ans: For every wrong answer 1 mark will be deducted and 4 marks will be given for every correct attempt.

Q5. What is the medium of JEE Main exam??

Ans: Mainly, English or Hindi and for the students from Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli question papers will be in Gujarati.

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