What is the Full Form of MBBS?

The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, which is taken from the Latin words Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. MBBS is an undergraduate professional degree course in medical science.

Students who are the aspirants of health science or becoming a doctor can pursue this degree. After completing MBBS, you will get the certificate to become a practicing medical professional.

MBBS Full Form

In this course, you will study anatomy, pharmacology, pathology as well as community health & medicine, paediatrics, and surgery. The syllabus of MBBS is curved in such a way that one can choose any of the topic to specialize further and practice medicine.

There are many option available for specialization such as Nephrology, Cardiology, Gynaecology, Anaesthesiology, Organ Transplant, Endocrine, and General Surgery, etc.

MBBS Overview

  • Course Name: MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)
  • Duration: 5 Years
  • Eligibility Criteria: 10+2 in science
  • Admission Procedure: Through Entrance Examination.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Students have to complete Class XII/ higher secondary/ pre-university qualifying examination in science with a minimum of 50% (40% in case of SC/ST/OBC) and the subjects included are Physics, Chemistry and Zoology/ Botany. In the qualifying exam students has to study English as their main subject.
  • Students must attain 17 years at the time of admission.
  • MCI (Medical Council of India) which is a regulating authority of MBBS mentions some additional eligibility requirements.

Subjects included in MBBS

During the course of MBBS, students has to learn about medical and healthcare industry as well as ethical practices to do intern in hospitals and volunteering projects.

The subjects that are included in MBBS are Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Anaesthesiology, Community Medicine, Dermatology & Venereology, Medicine, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, Otorhinolaryngology, Paediatrics, Psychiatry, Surgery etc.

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Entrance Examinations for MBBS

The most popular entrance examination to get admission in MBBS is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Only this entrance examination is accepted by both government as well as private institutions to take admission in MBBS that is conducted at national level.

Other than this examination, there were two other entrance examination such as JIPMER MBBS Exam and AIIMS MBBS Exam that are taken for the admission in MBBS course.

After making the NEET examination as the main important entrance examination for MBBS, JIPMER MBBS Exam and AIIMS MBBS Examinations were become scraped in 2019.

Also Read: How to Prepare for NEET Exam?

Top MBBS Colleges in India

The name of top most medical colleges in India with their rank are listed below:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi; NIRF Rank’20 is 1.
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh; NIRF Rank’20 is 2.
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore; NIRF Rank’20 is 3.
  • Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow; NIRF Rank’20 is 4.
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore; NIRF Rank’20 is 5.
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi; NIRF Rank’20 is 6.
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal; NIRF Rank’20 is 7.
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry; NIRF Rank’20 is 8.
  • Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Delhi; NIRF Rank’20 is 9.
  • King George’s Medical University, Lucknow; NIRF Rank’20 is 10.

Scope for MBBS holder

MBBS is a very prestigious degree with lots of scopes available after completing it successfully. Here, we have discussed about some the options that an MBBS holder can choose.

General Physician: MBBS certified who has studied diagnosis, cures patient’s illnesses can choose to start their career as a general physician.

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At the primary stage of illness, a general physician treats the patients but when the disease become critical then the patients is being transferred to the required medical practitioner.

Generally, a general physician earns an average salary of ₹ 4 – ₹ 5 lakh per annum.

Paediatrician: A specialist medical practitioner for the treatment of children check their growth as well as development. From birth to adolescence of children, a Paediatrician treat and heal them.

They guide parents about diet and related allergies of children from early stage. A Paediatrician take care of children with special attention and control the side effects and related allergies of medicines and also provides required preventive care.

Generally, at the start of their career, a Paediatrician are offered an average salary of over Rs. 4 lakh per annum.

Medical Assistant (Surgery): To perform better surgeries on the patients, it better to start your career as medical assistant under the specialists of cardiology, dermatology, oncology, nephrology, neurology, gynaecology, ophthalmology.

After this, you have to prepare according to their medical speciality to diagnose and treat patient. With the advancement of modern science and technology, many surgeons become famous through their achievements. It is an indication that it is totally related to the continuous learning and practice.

The average salary of a Medical Assistant is ₹ 3 – ₹ 4 lakh per annum.


Most of the Hospitals, Medical Research Centres, Pharmaceuticals and others recruits MBBS degree holders are:

Medanta Hospitals, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Sri Ganga Ram Hospital, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Wockhardt Ltd, Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd, Cipla Ltd, Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research.

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More Full Forms:

BBA Full FormMBA Full Form
BCA Full FormBanking Full Form
NCERT Full FormGDP Full Form
NEFT Full FormRBI Full Form
ATM Full FormAIIMS Full Form


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Full Form of MBBS: FAQs

Q1. Can MBBS degree holders able to perform surgery?

Ans: Yes, if any MBBS degree holders wants to perform surgery as they are licenced to do so. As, the process is very complicated, one needs to gain experience on it.

Q2. What is the minimum criteria to take admission to MBBS?

Ans: You have to complete 10+2 in science (with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English) with a minimum of 50% from a recognized board.

Q3. How much fees you need to pay for MBBS degree?

Ans: The amount of fee is different for different institutions. In case of government colleges, you need to pay approximately ₹ 10000 – ₹ 50000 and in case of private medical institutions fee is in between ₹ 2,00,000 to ₹ 22,00,000.

Q4. How much time is needed to complete MBBS degree?

Ans: The MBBS degree is completed in two stages such as: for academic it takes 4.5 years and for internship it takes 1 year. So, in total it takes 5.5 years.

Q5. Name some top institutions in India for MBBS?

Ans: Name of some top institutions in India for MBBS are All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi; Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh; Christian Medical College, Vellore; Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow etc.

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