Important Inventions and Discoveries for Competitive Exams

Inventions and discoveries is a part of static GK and it plays an important role in different Government exams. In general awareness section, list of inventions and discoveries is an important topic.

In different exams such as SSC, RRB, Bank, PSC etc. questions are asked and you must be prepared yourself from this section.

important-inventions-and-discoveries
Inventions and Discoveries

Aspirants who are willing to start your preparation for competitive exams must focus on static GK as you can easily score high within very less time.

Here, we will provide you important inventions and discoveries, name of the inventor and also year of inventions. At the end of this article, we have discussed some sample questions related to this topic.

List of inventions and discoveries

Invention/DiscoveriesYearInventor Country
Adding Machine1642PascalFrance
Aeroplane1903Orville & Wilbur WrightUSA
Automatic Calculator1623Wilhelm SchickardGermany
Air Brake1872George WestinghouseUS
Air Conditioner1914Willis CarrierUSA
Air Pump1650Otto von GuerickeGermany
Airship (jet engine)1939OhainGermany
Airship (Non-rigid)1852Henri GiffardFrance
Airship (rigid)1900G. Ferdinand Von ZeppelinGermany
Anemometer1450Leon Battista AlbertiItaly
Automatic gearboxHermann FottingerGermany
Animation1892Emile ReynaudFrance
Automobile1886DaimlerGermany
Atom Bomb1945Julius Robert OppenheimerUSA
Adhesive tape 1923 Richard G. Drew USA
Aspirin 1899 Dr. Felix Hoffman Germany
Antiseptic Surgery 1865 Lord Joseph Lister British
Arc Lamp 1879 C. F. Brush Ohio, USA
Astronomical Telescope 1608 Hans Lippershey Netherlands
Argon 1894 William Ramsay & Baron Ray Leigh UK
AC motor and transformer, vacuum tube amplifier, Tesla coil, X-Ray technology 1880s Nikola Tesla USA
Barometer 1643 Evangelista Torricelli Italy
Bacteria 1665 Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek Netherlands
Bifocal Lens 1784 Benjamin Franklin USA
Braille 1829 Louis Braille France
Bullet 1849 Claude Minie France
Barbed Wire 1873 Joseph F. Glidden USA
Ball Point Pen 1888 John Loud USA
Bicycle Tyres 1888 John Boyd Dunlop Scotland
Bakelite 1907 H. Backcland Belgium /US
Band Aid 1920 Earle Dickson USA
Bicycle1839 Kirkpatrick Macmillan Britain
Blood Group 1900 Karl Lansdsteiner Austria
Battery (Electric) 1800 Alessandro Volta Italy
Bleaching Powder 1798 Tennant Britain
Burglar Alarm 1858 Edwin T Holmes USA
Blood Circulation 1628 William Hervey UK
Balloon 1783 Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier France
Beri – Beri 1897 Christiaan Eijkman Netherlands
Biogenetic Principle 1860s Ernst Haeckel Germany
Camera (Kodak) 1888 Walker Eastman USA
Cine Camera 1889 Wm. Friese-Greene Britain
Clarinet 1690 Johann Christoph Denner Germany
Centigrade Scale 1742 Anders Celsius Sweden
Chlorine 1774 Karl Wilhelm Scheele Sweden
Car (Steam) 1769 Nicolas Cugnot France
Car (Petrol) 1888 Karl Benz Germany
Carburetor 1876 Gottlieb Daimler Germany
Cadmium 1817 Friedrich Stromeyer Germany
Cement (Portland) 1824 Joseph Aspdin England
Cassette 1969 Sony Japan
Cinema 1894 Nicolas & Jean Lumiere France
Cash Register 1879 James Ritty USA
Clock (Mechanical) 1725 I-Hsing & Liang Ling-Tsan China
Clock (Pendulum) 1656 Christian Huygens Netherlands
Celluloid 1861 Alexander Parkes UK
Chloroform 1831 E. Soberran France
Cellophane 1900 I.E. Brandenberger Switzerland
Crescograph 1920s Jagadish Chandra Bose India
Car Radio 1929 William Lear & Elmer Wavering US
Compact Disc 1972 RCA USA
Compact Disc Player 1979 Sony, Philips Japan, Netherlands
Computer (Laptop) 1987 Sinclair Britain
Computer (Mini) 1960 Digital Corp USA
Dynamite 1867 Alfred B. Nobel Sweden
Dynamo 1832 Hypolite Pixii France
Diesel Engine 1895 Rudolf Diesel Germany
Dental Plate 1817 Anthony A. Plantson USA
Disc Brake 1902 Dr. F. Lanchester England
Electric stove/cooker 1896 William S. Hadaway England
Electric Iron 1882 H.W. Seeley USA
Electroscope 1748 Jean Nollet France
Electric Motor 1834 Moritz Jacobi Russia
Electric Fan 1882 Schuyler Skaats Wheeler USA
Electric Battery 1800 Volta Italy
Electromagnet 1824 William Sturgeon England
Elevator 1852 Elisha G. Otis USA
Electric Motor (AC) 1888 Nicolas Tesla USA
Electric Motor (DC) 1873 Zenobe Gramme Belgium
Electromagnetic Induction 1831 Michael Faraday UK
Electrons 1897 J.J.Thomson UK
Electric Generator 1831 Michael Faraday UK
Electric Lamp 1879 Thomas Alva Edison USA
Electronic Calculator 1954 IBM USA
Electric Washing Machine 1906 Alva J Fisher USA
Electroplating 1805 Luigi Brugnatelli Italy
Electronic Computer 1824 Dr Alan M Turing Britain
Fountain Pen 1884 Lewis Edson Waterman USA
Film sound 1923 Dr. Le de Forest USA
Fluorine 1886 Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan France
Film (Talking) 1926 Warner Bros US
Gramophone 1878 Thomas Edison US
Glider 1853 Sir George Calyey UK
Gravity & Reflecting telescope 1668 Isaac Newton England
Generator 1860 Piciontti Italy
Gyrocompass 1908 Elmer A. Sperry US
Guillotin1790s Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin France
Galvanometer 1824 Andre-Marie Ampere France
Gas lighting 1792 William Murdoch British
Gun powder Roger Bacon
Hydrogen1766 Henry Cavendish France
Hot Air Balloon 1783 Josef & Etienne Montgolfier France
Helium 1868 William Ramsay Great Britain
Helicopter 1939 Igor Sikorsky Ukraine
Hovercraft 1959 Christopher Cockerell England
Insulin 1923 Sir Frederick Banting Canada
Jet Engine 1937 Sir Frank Whittle Britain
Kala-azar Fever Upendra Nath Brahmachari India
Kaleidoscope 1817 David Brewster Scotland
Lightning Conductor 1752 Benjamin Franklin USA
Laser 1960 Theodore Maiman USA
Launderette1934 J F Cantrell USA
Locomotive1804Richard Trevithick UK
Lift (Mechanical) 1852 Elisha G Otis USA
Light Bulb 1854 Heinrich Goebel Germany
Loudspeaker 1900 Horace Short Britain
Logarithms1590s John Napier Scotland
Laughing Gas 1772 Joseph Priestley England
Law of Electrolysis 1833 Michael Faraday England
Life Boat 1790 Henry Greathead England
Machine Gun 1861 Richard Gaffing US
Magnetic recording tape 1928 Fritz Pfleumer Germany
Motorcycle 1848 Edward Butler UK
Microphone 1876 Alexander Graham Bell USA
Microscope(Compounded) 1590 Zacharis Janssen Netherlands
Microscope (Electronic) 1931 Ruska Knoll Germany
Milling machine & cotton gin 1793 Eli Whitney USA
Motor Scooter 1919 Greville Bradshaw England
Microwave Oven 1947 Percy LeBaron Spencer USA
Movie Projector 1893 Thomas Edison USA
Neon Lamp 1915 Georges Claude France
Napier Bones 1590s John Napier Scotland
Neutron 1932 James Chadwick England
Nylon 1935 Wallace Hume Carothers USA
Neutron Bomb 1958 Samuel Cohen USA
Oxygen 1775 Antoine Laurent Lavoisier France
Optical Fibre 1955 Narinder Kapany Germany
Ozone 1839 Christian Schonbein Germany
Origin of Species 1859 Charles Darwin UK
Piano 1700 Bartolomeo Cristofori Italy
Printing Press 1440 Johannes Gutenberg Germany
Parachute 1785 Jean Pierre Blanchard France
Polio Vaccine 1955 Jonas Edward Salk USA
Periodic Table 1869 Dmitri Mendeleev Russia
Penicillin 1928 Alexander Fleming UK
Pacemaker 1952 Dr. Paul Zoll USA
Petrol (for motor car) 1885 Karl Benz Germany
Pocket Watch 1510 Peter Henlein Germany
Pendulum Clock 1657 Christian Huygens Netherlands
Photography (on metal) 1826 Joseph Nicephore Niepce France
Photography (on paper) 1835 W.H Fox Talbot England
Photography (on film) 1888 John Carbutt USA
Phonograph 1877 Thomas Edison USA
Refrigerator 1851 James Harrison UK
Radium 1898 Marie & Pierre Curie France
Radar 1922 Dr. Albert H. Taylor & Leo C. Yong USA
Rubber (Vulcanized) 1841 Charles Goodyear USA
Rocket Engin 1926 Robert H. Goddard USA
Radio 1894 Gughelmo Macroni Italy
Richter Scale 1935 Charles Richter USA
Revolver 1835 Samuel Colt USA
Rubella Vaccine 1967 Maurice Hillman US
Ship (Turbine) 1894 Charles Parsons England
Ship (Steam) 1775 J.C Perier France
Safety Match 1855 J.E. Lundstrom Sweden
Safety Lamp 1816 Sir Humphry Davy England
Steam Engine 1698 Thomas Savery UK
Submarine 1776 David Bushnell USA
Steam Boat 1786 John Fitch USA
Small Pox Vaccine 1796 Edward Jenner England
Stethoscope 1816 Rene Laennec France
Saxophone 1846 Adolphe Sax Belgium
Sewing Machine 1846 Elias Howe USA
Safety Pin 1849 William Hunt US
Steam-Powered Airship 1852 Henri Giffard France
Silicones 1904 F.S Kipping England
Soft Contact lenses 1961 Otto Wichterle Czech
Synthesizer 1964 Dr. Robert Arthur Moog USA
Steam Engine (Piston) 1712 Thomas Newcomen Britain
Steam Engine (Condenser) 1765 James Watt Britain
Super Computer 1976 J H Van Tassel USA
Telescope 1608 Hans Lippershey Netherlands
Television 1926 John Logic Baird Scotland
Thermometer 1593 Galileo Italy
Tungsten 1783 Juan José Elhuyar Lubize & Fausto de Elhuyar Spain
Telegraph 1837 William Cook & Charles Wheatstone England
Telegraph code 1837 Samuel Morse USA
Typewriter 1841 Peter Mitterhofer Austria
Transformer (Induction coil) 1842 William Stanley .Jr US
Telephone 1874 Graham Bell Canada
Time Recorder 1890 Harlow Bundy USA
Tractor (Caterpillar) 1900 Benjamin Holt US
Transistors 1948 John Bardeen, William Shockley & Walter Brattain US
Theory of Evolution 1858 Charles Darwin UK
Valve. Radio 1904 Sir J.A Fleming Britain
Vacuum Cleaner 1869 Ives McGuffey USA
Vitamin A 1913 Elmer V. McCollum & M. Davis USA
Vitamin B 1916 Elmer V. McCollum US
Vitamin C 1920 Albert Szent-Györgyi & Charles Glen King USA
Vitamin D 1920 Edward Mellanby USA
Vitamin E 1922 Herbert McLean Evans USA
Vitamin K 1929 Henrik Dam & Edward Adelbert Doisy Denmark
Watch (Self Winding) 1791 Abraham-Louis Breguet France
Welder (Electric Welding) 1877 Elisha Thompson US
Windshield wipers1903 Mary Anderson USA
World Wide Web1989 Tim Berners Lee with Robert Cailliau Belgian
X-ray 1895 Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen Germany
Xerox Machine 1928 Chester Carlson US

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See also  Types of Bank Accounts in India

Conclusion

We have provided a list of inventions/ discoveries and their inventor. Almost in every government exam questions are asked from this area. Hope it will help you to score better. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Who invented microphone?

Ans: Alexander Graham Bell invented the microphone.

Q2. What is discovered in 1920 by Edward Mellanby?

Ans: In 1920, Edward Mellanby discovered Vitamin D.

Q3. In 1842, who discovered Telephone?

Ans: In 1842, Graham Bell discovered Telephone.

Q4. Who invented Safety pin in which year?

Ans: In 1849, Walter Hunt invented the Safety pin.


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