Important Inventions and Discoveries for Competitive Exams

Inventions and discoveries is a part of static GK and it plays an important role in different Government exams. In general awareness section, list of inventions and discoveries is an important topic.

In different exams such as SSC, RRB, Bank, PSC etc. questions are asked and you must be prepared yourself from this section.

Aspirants who are willing to start your preparation for competitive exams must focus on static GK as you can easily score high within very less time.

important-inventions-and-discoveries
Inventions and Discoveries

Here, we will provide you important inventions and discoveries, name of the inventor and also year of inventions. At the end of this article, we have discussed some sample questions related to this topic.

List of inventions and discoveries

Invention/Discoveries Year Inventor Country
Adding Machine 1642 Pascal France
Aeroplane 1903 Orville & Wilbur Wright USA
Automatic Calculator 1623 Wilhelm Schickard Germany
Air Brake 1872 George Westinghouse US
Air Conditioner 1914 Willis Carrier USA
Air Pump 1650 Otto von Guericke Germany
Airship (jet engine) 1939 Ohain Germany
Airship (Non-rigid) 1852 Henri Giffard France
Airship (rigid) 1900 G. Ferdinand Von Zeppelin Germany
Anemometer 1450 Leon Battista Alberti Italy
Automatic gearbox Hermann Fottinger Germany
Animation 1892 Emile Reynaud France
Automobile 1886 Daimler Germany
Atom Bomb 1945 Julius Robert Oppenheimer USA

Adhesive tape

1923

Richard G. Drew

USA

Aspirin

1899

Dr. Felix Hoffman

Germany

Antiseptic Surgery

1865

Lord Joseph Lister

British

Arc Lamp

1879

C. F. Brush

Ohio, USA

Astronomical Telescope

1608

Hans Lippershey

Netherlands

Argon

1894

William Ramsay & Baron Ray Leigh

UK

AC motor and transformer, vacuum tube amplifier, Tesla coil, X-Ray technology

1880s

Nikola Tesla

USA

Barometer

1643

Evangelista Torricelli

Italy

Bacteria

1665

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek

Netherlands

Bifocal Lens

1784

Benjamin Franklin

USA

Braille

1829

Louis Braille

France

Bullet

1849

Claude Minie

France

Barbed Wire

1873

Joseph F. Glidden

USA

Ball Point Pen

1888

John Loud

USA

Bicycle Tyres

1888

John Boyd Dunlop

Scotland

Bakelite

1907

H. Backcland

Belgium /US

Band Aid

1920

Earle Dickson

USA

Bicycle

1839

Kirkpatrick Macmillan

Britain

Blood Group

1900

Karl Lansdsteiner

Austria

Battery (Electric)

1800

Alessandro Volta

Italy

Bleaching Powder

1798

Tennant

Britain

Burglar Alarm

1858

Edwin T Holmes

USA

Blood Circulation

1628

William Hervey

UK

Balloon

1783

Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier

France

Beri – Beri

1897

Christiaan Eijkman

Netherlands

Biogenetic Principle

1860s

Ernst Haeckel

Germany

Camera (Kodak)

1888

Walker Eastman

USA

Cine Camera

1889

Wm. Friese-Greene

Britain

Clarinet

1690

Johann Christoph Denner

Germany

Centigrade Scale

1742

Anders Celsius

Sweden

Chlorine

1774

Karl Wilhelm Scheele

Sweden

Car (Steam)

1769

Nicolas Cugnot

France

Car (Petrol)

1888

Karl Benz

Germany

Carburetor

1876

Gottlieb Daimler

Germany

Cadmium

1817

Friedrich Stromeyer

Germany

Cement (Portland)

1824

Joseph Aspdin

England

Cassette

1969

Sony

Japan

Cinema

1894

Nicolas & Jean Lumiere

France

Cash Register

1879

James Ritty

USA

Clock (Mechanical)

1725

I-Hsing & Liang Ling-Tsan

China

Clock (Pendulum)

1656

Christian Huygens

Netherlands

Celluloid

1861

Alexander Parkes

UK

Chloroform

1831

E. Soberran

France

Cellophane

1900

I.E. Brandenberger

Switzerland

Crescograph

1920s

Jagadish Chandra Bose

India

Car Radio

1929

William Lear & Elmer Wavering

US

Compact Disc

1972

RCA

USA

Compact Disc Player

1979

Sony, Philips

Japan, Netherlands

Computer (Laptop)

1987

Sinclair

Britain

Computer (Mini)

1960

Digital Corp

USA

Dynamite

1867

Alfred B. Nobel

Sweden

Dynamo

1832

Hypolite Pixii

France

Diesel Engine

1895

Rudolf Diesel

Germany

Dental Plate

1817

Anthony A.Plantson

USA

Disc Brake

1902

Dr. F. Lanchester

England

Electric stove/cooker

1896

William S. Hadaway

England

Electric Iron

1882

H.W. Seeley

USA

Electroscope

1748

Jean Nollet

France

Electric Motor

1834

Moritz Jacobi

Russia

Electric Fan

1882

Schuyler Skaats Wheeler

USA

Electric Battery

1800

Volta

Italy

Electromagnet

1824

William Sturgeon

England

Elevator

1852

Elisha G. Otis

USA

Electric Motor (AC)

1888

Nicolas Tesla

USA

Electric Motor (DC)

1873

Zenobe Gramme

Belgium

Electromagnetic Induction

1831

Michael Faraday

UK

Electrons

1897

J.J.Thomson

UK

Electric Generator

1831

Michael Faraday

UK

Electric Lamp

1879

Thomas Alva Edison

USA

Electronic Calculator

1954

IBM

USA

Electric Washing Machine

1906

Alva J Fisher

USA

Electroplating

1805

Luigi Brugnatelli

Italy

Electronic Computer

1824

Dr Alan M Turing

Britain

Fountain Pen

1884

Lewis Edson Waterman

USA

Film sound

1923

Dr. Le de Forest

USA

Fluorine

1886

Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan

France

Film (Talking)

1926

Warner Bros

US

Gramophone

1878

Thomas Edison

US

Glider

1853

Sir George Calyey

UK

Gravity & Reflecting telescope

1668

Isaac Newton

England

Generator

1860

Piciontti

Italy

Gyrocompass

1908

Elmer A. Sperry

US

Guillotin

1790s

Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin

France

Galvanometer

1824

Andre-Marie Ampere

France

Gas lighting

1792

William Murdoch

British

Gun powder

 

Roger Bacon

 

Hydrogen

1766

Henry Cavendish

France

Hot Air Balloon

1783

Josef & Etienne Montgolfier

France

Helium

1868

William Ramsay

Great Britain

Helicopter

1939

Igor Sikorsky

Ukraine

Hovercraft

1959

Christopher Cockerell

England

Insulin

1923

Sir Frederick Banting

Canada

Jet Engine

1937

Sir Frank Whittle

Britain

Kala-azar Fever

 

Upendra Nath Brahmachari

India

Kaleidoscope

1817

David Brewster

Scotland

Lightning Conductor

1752

Benjamin Franklin

USA

Laser

1960

Theodore Maiman

USA

Launderette

1934

J F Cantrell

USA

Locomotive

1804

Richard Trevithick

UK

Lift (Mechanical)

1852

Elisha G Otis

USA

Light Bulb

1854

Heinrich Goebel

Germany

Loudspeaker

1900

Horace Short

Britain

Logarithms

1590s

John Napier

Scotland

Laughing Gas

1772

Joseph Priestley

England

Law of Electrolysis

1833

Michael Faraday

England

Life Boat

1790

Henry Greathead

England

Machine Gun

1861

Richard Gaffing

US

Magnetic recording tape

1928

Fritz Pfleumer

Germany

Motorcycle

1848

Edward Butler

UK

Microphone

1876

Alexander Graham Bell

USA

Microscope(Compounded)

1590

Zacharis Janssen

Netherlands

Microscope (Electronic)

1931

Ruska Knoll

Germany

Milling machine & cotton gin

1793

Eli Whitney

USA

Motor Scooter

1919

Greville Bradshaw

England

Microwave Oven

1947

Percy LeBaron Spencer

USA

Movie Projector

1893

Thomas Edison

USA

Neon Lamp

1915

Georges Claude

France

Napier Bones

1590s

John Napier

Scotland

Neutron

1932

James Chadwick

England

Nylon

1935

Wallace Hume Carothers

USA

Neutron Bomb

1958

Samuel Cohen

USA

Oxygen

1775

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

France

Optical Fibre

1955

Narinder Kapany

Germany

Ozone

1839

Christian Schonbein

Germany

Origin of Species

1859

Charles Darwin

UK

Piano

1700

Bartolomeo Cristofori

Italy

Printing Press

1440

Johannes Gutenberg

Germany

Parachute

1785

Jean Pierre Blanchard

France

Polio Vaccine

1955

Jonas Edward Salk

USA

Periodic Table

1869

Dmitri Mendeleev

Russia

Penicillin

1928

Alexander Fleming

UK

Pacemaker

1952

Dr. Paul Zoll

USA

Petrol (for motor car)

1885

Karl Benz

Germany

Pocket Watch

1510

Peter Henlein

Germany

Pendulum Clock

1657

Christian Huygens

Netherlands

Photography (on metal)

1826

Joseph Nicephore Niepce

France

Photography (on paper)

1835

W.H Fox Talbot

England

Photography (on film)

1888

John Carbutt

USA

Phonograph

1877

Thomas Edison

USA

Refrigerator

1851

James Harrison

UK

Radium

1898

Marie & Pierre Curie

France

Radar

1922

Dr. Albert H. Taylor & Leo C. Yong

USA

Rubber (Vulcanized)

1841

Charles Goodyear

USA

Rocket Engin

1926

Robert H. Goddard

USA

Radio

1894

Gughelmo Macroni

Italy

Richter Scale

1935

Charles Richter

USA

Revolver

1835

Samuel Colt

USA

Rubella Vaccine

1967

Maurice Hillman

US

Ship (Turbine)

1894

Charles Parsons

England

Ship (Steam)

1775

J.C Perier

France

Safety Match

1855

J.E. Lundstrom

Sweden

Safety Lamp

1816

Sir Humphry Davy

England

Steam Engine

1698

Thomas Savery

UK

Submarine

1776

David Bushnell

USA

Steam Boat

1786

John Fitch

USA

Small Pox Vaccine

1796

Edward Jenner

England

Stethoscope

1816

Rene Laennec

France

Saxophone

1846

Adolphe Sax

Belgium

Sewing Machine

1846

Elias Howe

USA

Safety Pin

1849

William Hunt

US

Steam-Powered Airship

1852

Henri Giffard

France

Silicones

1904

F.S Kipping

England

Soft Contact lenses

1961

Otto Wichterle

Czech

Synthesizer

1964

Dr. Robert Arthur Moog

USA

Steam Engine (Piston)

1712

Thomas Newcomen

Britain

Steam Engine (Condenser)

1765

James Watt

Britain

Super Computer

1976

J H Van Tassel

USA

Telescope

1608

Hans Lippershey

Netherlands

Television

1926

John Logic Baird

Scotland

Thermometer

1593

Galileo

Italy

Tungsten

1783

Juan José Elhuyar Lubize & Fausto de Elhuyar

Spain

Telegraph

1837

William Cook & Charles Wheatstone

England

Telegraph code

1837

Samuel Morse

USA

Typewriter

1841

Peter Mitterhofer

Austria

Transformer (Induction coil)

1842

William Stanley .Jr

US

Telephone

1874

Graham Bell

Canada

Time Recorder

1890

Harlow Bundy

USA

Tractor (Caterpillar)

1900

Benjamin Holt

US

Transistors

1948

John Bardeen, William Shockley & Walter Brattain

US

Theory of Evolution

1858

Charles Darwin

UK

Valve. Radio

1904

Sir J.A Fleming

Britain

Vacuum Cleaner

1869

Ives McGuffey

USA

Vitamin A

1913

Elmer V. McCollum & M. Davis

USA

Vitamin B

1916

Elmer V. McCollum

US

Vitamin C

1920

Albert Szent-Györgyi & Charles Glen King

USA

Vitamin D

1920

Edward Mellanby

USA

Vitamin E

1922

Herbert McLean Evans

USA

Vitamin K

1929

Henrik Dam & Edward Adelbert Doisy

Denmark

Watch (Self Winding)

1791

Abraham-Louis Breguet

France

Welder (Electric Welding)

1877

Elisha Thompson

US

Windshield wipers

1903

Mary Anderson

USA

World Wide Web

1989

Tim Berners Lee with Robert Cailliau

Belgian

X-ray

1895

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen

Germany

Xerox Machine

1928

Chester Carlson

US

We have provided a list of inventions/ discoveries and their inventor. Almost in every government exam questions are asked from this area. Hope it will help you to score better.

General Awareness:

FAQ on Inventions and Discoveries

Q1. Who invented microphone?

Ans: Alexander Graham Bell invented the microphone.

Q2. What is discovered in 1920 by Edward Mellanby?

Ans: In 1920, Edward Mellanby discovered Vitamin D.

Q3. In 1842, who discovered Telephone?

Ans: In 1842, Graham Bell discovered Telephone.

Q4. Who invented Safety pin in which year?

Ans: In 1849, Walter Hunt invented the Safety pin.

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