OPD stands for Outpatient Department. This is a popular term in the field of the medical world. This department is designed in such a way that it acts as the first point of contact between patients and employees of the medical department.
First of all, a patient is taken to the OPD and inspected properly, then the doctor of OPD transfer the patient to the required unit for further treatment. But there are no bed facilities in this section.
The employees of OPD are experienced and well trained so that they can tackle the emergency situation of the patient. They must have proper knowledge about the various emergency medical conditions of patients. They examine patients and make suggestions for further treatment as necessary.
So, it can be considered that it is one of the most important departments in hospitals.
In this section, you don’t need to admit patients but offer some facilities such as diagnosis, required tests, and perform minor surgery if required. Expert doctors of various departments are available to treat patients such as gynecology, Orthopaedics, general medicine, and others.
This is a separate section from other departments in the internal area where medical facilities are available. But the doctors who work in the OPD also provide their services in the internal departments. After discharge from the hospital patients can avail of follow-up facilities and can visit the OPD of their respective doctors.
Location of OPD
Generally, the location of OPD is on the ground floor of any hospital. OPD is located in such a way that one can easily arrive at it. And then patients are transferred to their respective departments as prescribed. With the effort of this department, hospitals are operated smoothly.
Role of OPD
The OPD is a very crucial section in hospitals and performs certain operations such as;
Consultation Chambers: The consultation chamber is working under OPD. In this section, information about various parameters such as medical, surgical, and dietetics are collected from patients by experts of the specific departments.
Examination Rooms: There are certain rooms for examination popularly known as examination rooms. In these examination rooms, examinations are performed to diagnose the diseases or disorders of patients.
Diagnosis: To diagnose or detect the disease of patient samples are collected for certain tests such as Radiology, Pathology, Microbiology, and for other tests if required.
Pharmacy: There is a section for pharmacy for the patients which is under OPD.
Fees for OPD
Fees for the consultation in OPD vary from hospital to hospital. It is found that private hospitals charged fees for consultation but in government hospitals it is free.
About Outpatient and Inpatient
There are two types of patients as per the time period of treatment. Nowadays, in the modern OPD, there are facilities for patients who can stay in the hospitals for treatment. Here, they can consult with expert physicians and also get a chance to meet the surgeon.
Outpatient: Patients spending less than 24 hours and complete their treatment is known as an outpatient. It is observed that most of the patients don’t need a bed to stay in.
Inpatient: Serious patients admitted and spending a few weeks or more or especially spending nights in the hospitals to get treatment are considered impatient. They taking discharged from the hospital, and they are also allowed to visit hospitals for further follow-up from doctors.
Importance of OPD
- Whether the patient needs to visit again to the hospital or not the doctor will decide by examining the patient.
- It is up to the OPD that patients need treatment for a day like outpatients or admit for some days as inpatients.
- Expenses for medicine are very high, so, one can get the benefit of medicine and save money.
- Patients can also avail facilities for diagnosis of diseases or disorders and don’t need to stop their treatment due to financial crisis.
- If patients have policies, then they are exempted from any kind of expenses throughout treatment.
- It is very easy to access the policy even though it can be applied online and doesn’t need any paperwork.
More Full Forms:
OPD Full Form: FAQs
Q1. What is the full form of OPD?
Ans: The full form of OPD is Outpatient Department.
Q2. What is the main function of OPD?
Ans: The main function of OPD is that it acts as a primary center for communication between patients and employees of hospitals.
Q3. What is the fees for treatment in OPD?
Ans: Service in the OPD of government hospitals is free but some private hospitals asked for some charge. The charge for OPD varies from hospital to hospital.
Q4. What are the type of OPD?
Ans: OPD is divided into two types (i) Outpatient and (ii) Inpatient.
Q5. What is the meaning of Outpatient?
Ans: The Outpatient is a patient who was admitted for a few hours to less than 24 hours and completed their treatment and was discharged from the hospital.
Q6. What is the meaning of Inpatient?
Ans: In this case, patients are admitted to the hospital for a few days or weeks and get treatment. Patients can also visit OPD after discharge from the hospital for further follow-up and treatment.
Q7. Who will provide treatment in the OPD?
Ans: Experts in every department will provide treatment for the OPD and they will also treat patients in the internal area of the hospitals.
Q8. Are all hospitals have OPD?
Ans: Almost all the hospitals and medical centers like nursing homes provide facilities for OPD irrespective of government or private organization.