The full form of UGC is the University Grants Commission. As per the UGC Act 1956, Government of India took an initiative to set up a statutory body under the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education.
This commission is responsible to coordinate, determine and maintain of quality of higher education. It provides affiliation and control the disbursement of funds to the recognized universities and colleges.
The headquarter of UGC is located is in New Delhi and there are also six regional offices which are situated in Hyderabad, Bangalore, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bhopal, Pune and Bhopal.
The Government of India proposed a new regulatory body which is known as HECI (Higher Education Commission of India) as the replacement of UGC.
The UGC also offers doctoral scholarship for talented students whoever crack JRF in National Eligibility Test (NET). Around ₹ 725 crores is disburse as doctoral and post-doctoral scholarship to the eligible candidate by this commission.
Highlights of UGC
- Name of the Organization: UGC (University Grants Commission)
- Year of Establishment: 28 December 1953
- Motto: “Gyan-Vigyan Vimuktaye” (Knowledge Liberates)
- Headquarter: New Delhi
- Initial Organizations: Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Government of India
- UGC Official Website: ugc.ac.in
History of UGC
In 1945, the UGC was first commissioned for the supervision of the then Central Universities of Aligarh, Banaras and Delhi and later it’s duration was extended to 1947 but this time, it will cover all the universities situated in India.
The University Education Commission chaired by S. Radhakrishnan from 1948 to 1949 with the motive for the investigation, provide suggestions for improvements, and make extensions of the Indian University Education.
In the year of 1950, the Government of India take decision that UGC will regulate universities and higher education institutions and provide affiliation.
The then Minister of Education, Natural Resources & Scientific Research Maulana Abul Kalam Azad inaugurate the UGC on 28 December 1953.
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Regulation of UGC
There are various types of universities that regulates UGC. We have mentioned here all the types of universities.
Central Universities: Department of Higher Education under the Ministry of Education through an act of parliament central universities are establishment. According to the latest data published on 12 December 2018, there are 49 central universities that are included in the list of UGC.
State Universities: Every state government and territories of India regulates and set up through local legislative assembly act. According to the latest data published on 6 October 2017, there are 370 state universities that are enlisted in UGC.
The nature of state universities is affiliating and they regulate affiliated colleges which offer varieties of undergraduate and post-graduate courses. There are some colleges that are also provides the facilities of Ph.D. programs.
Deemed Universities: The Department of Higher Education granted autonomy status on the recommendation of the UGC following Act of UGC under Section 3. According to the latest data published on 6 October 2017, the number of deemed universities that are mentioned in the list of UGC are 123.
Name of some deemed universities are Homi Bhabha National Institute covers the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research.
Private Universities: This types of universities are established with the approval of UGC. They are allowed to offer courses but are prohibited for off-campus colleges. According to the latest data published on 6 October 2017, the number of private universities is 282 that are included in the list of UGC.
There are 24 universities that are marked as fake universities that are operating across India.
Working Functions of UGC
UGC and CSIR together conducts an entrance examination which is popularly known as NET. Through this entrance examination, candidates are recruited for teaching in different colleges and universities.
If you want to teach at the graduation and post-graduation level, then it is mandatory for you to qualify NET examination. Candidates having Ph.D. will avail five percent extra relaxation than others.
Here are the fifteen institutions that are autonomous statutory in nature and provided accreditation of higher education by UGC.
- All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
- Bar Council of India (BCI)
- National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
- Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)
- Medical Council of India (MCI)/National Medical Commission (NMC)
- Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
- Indian Nursing Council (INC)
- Dental Council of India (DCI)
- Central Council of Homoeopathy (CCH)
- Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)
- National Council for Rural Institutes (NCRI)
- Council of Architecture
- Distance Education Council (DEC)
- State Councils of Higher Education (SCHE)
With the introduction of Higher Education Commission of India (HECI), the Ministry of Human Resources Development make an announcement for the replacement of UGC.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. What is the full form of UGC?
Ans: The full form of UGC is University Grants Commission.
Q2. Where is the headquarter of UGC?
Ans: The headquarter of UGC is located in New Delhi.
Q3. What is the main purpose of UGC?
Ans: The main purpose of UGC is to coordinate, determine and maintain the quality of higher education.
Q4. How many numbers of universities there under UGC?
Ans: According to the latest data of 8 October 2021, there are 438 state universities that are enlisted in UGC.
Q5. What is the name of the first chairman of UGC?
Ans: Dr. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (1953 – 1955) was the first chairman of UGC.
Q6. What type of organization is UGC?
Ans: UGC is a statutory corporation under the Government of India.