NIOS full form is the National Institution of Open Schooling. In 1989, the Government of India under the department of Ministry of Human Resource Development established a board of education.
Initially, the name of this board was National Open School and changed its name to the current name i.e. National Institute of Open Schooling or NIOS in the year of 2002. The examinations of secondary and higher secondary education are conducted by this board.
People who are not able to join classes regularly in the school can take distance education through NIOS.
It can be understood from its name that it is an open school to offer distance education. As a citizen of India all the people of India has the constitutional right to have education.
The main motto for the establishment of this board is cover education of all level of people where people from the remotest areas of the country can also take the advantage of this facility. The main objective of the government of India is to increase the literacy rate of India.
Key Points About NIOS
As we have mention earlier, National Institute of Open Schooling is the full form of NIOS. It is a board of education at national level which provide education to the people of all category.
The board has also the responsibility to conduct examinations of secondary and higher secondary. Let’s have a look on some important points about NIOS.
- Name of the Board: NIOS
- Full Form of NIOS: National Institution of Open Schooling
- Initial Name: National Open School
- Year of Establishment: 1989
- Objective of Establishment: To provide education of section of people and increase the rate of literacy in India
- Conducted Examinations: Secondary and Higher Secondary Examination
- Official Website: nios.ac.in
Purpose of NIOS
Country like India, the rate of literacy is very low due to lack of infrastructure. Students are unable to join school as they are financially very weak especially in the rural areas.
Due to this reason, Government of India took an initiative to eradicate this problem and provide the facility of education to all the student and complete their education. The purposes of NIOS are:
- Facilitates Academic and Vocational Education Programmes to the students to make them able to earn their livings of their own.
- Allot Credit Transformation process regularly to the students to help them continue their education from distance.
- It takes care of development, excellence and quality in their curriculum from open and distance.
- Give more attention for the development of on research and development department to provide better education to the learners.
- Concentrate on the facilities like networking, resource-sharing and others for the promotion of schooling culture at the national and international level.
Course offered in NIOS to the people are mentioned below:
1. Secondary Course equivalent to Class X
2. Senior Secondary Course equivalent to Class XII
3. Open Basic Education (OBE) program has three levels as under:
- OBE Level A which is equivalent to Class I-III
- OBE Level B which is equivalent to Class IV-V
- OBE Level C which is equivalent to Class VI-VIII
4. Vocational Education
5. Diploma in Elementary Education (D. El. Ed.) for the Teachers who have not taken training
6. Life Enrichment
7. Life Skills Program
Examinations Conducted by NIOS
Examinations are conducted by NIOS every year in two segments, of which one is taken in the month of April-May and another in the month of October-November. Students are able to apply for On-Demand Examination of their respective subjects if they wish.
Every student must choose minimum five subjects of their choice and maximum seven subjects. You will get a maximum of nine chances during their five years of study to successfully pass the exam. You must obtain 33% marks on an average to successfully clear the examination.
NIOS Centres at International level
NIOS works with the collaboration of organizations like Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and UNESCO. NIOS has various centres in foreign countries and also across India. The study centres are managed by NIOS.
We have provided a list of NIOS study centres in different countries in the following section.
- New Zealand
- The United States of America.
- United Arab Emirates
Regional Offices of NIOS
There are 18 regional centres and 4 sub-centres that are operated by NIOS across India almost in all states in India. Through this centres, NIOS administer the study centres of the respective state or areas. We have mention the regional offices of NIOS along with states.
|East, North, North-east, North-west areas of Delhi, Jhajjar, Gautam Budh Nagar, and Ghaziabad||Delhi I|
|South, West, South-west, Central areas of Delhi, New Delhi, Gurugram, and Faridabad||Delhi II|
|Maharashtra, Goa, Daman and Diu||Pune|
|Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, and Chandigarh||Chandigarh|
|Sikkim, West Bengal, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands||Kolkata|
|Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry||Chennai|
|Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, and Manipur||Guwahati|
It is very easy to take admission at the National Institute of open schooling. The process of admission at the NIOS is very simple. Before 2011-12, admission was possible to the NIOS only in offline mode. But, the scenario has changed and the process of admission has become 100% online mode.
Interested students can take admission at the NIOS by simply following some easy steps:
- Visit online website of NIOS from your nearest AI and do online registration.
- For online registration, you have to visit nearby regional NIOS Centre.
Do not forget to attach required documents during online registration or your application may be rejected and you will not get your fees back.
- The age of the candidates must be above 14, adolescents at A, B and C levels which is similar to the 3rd, 5th and 8th grade as in the regular school to get admission in Open Basic Education (OBE) Programme.
- Completed Secondary Education.
- Complete a Vocational course.
Advantages of NIOS
- HRD under Government of India has given approval to NIOS.
- It is not compulsory to join classes regularly.
- There is no pressure for homework of school.
- You are free to choose subjects.
- Students from remote areas can also join the class.
- Students who failed in the examination have a chance to pass the examination in the same year.
- Students who left their studies have the opportunity to resume the same.
- The syllabus of this course is similar to the syllabus of CBSE.
Disadvantages of NIOS
In general, there is no clear disadvantage to complete courses from NIOS.
The most important thing is that you have the ability of self-study the study materials that are provided by institutions of NIOS affiliation.
Related Full Form:
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NIOS Full Form: FAQs
Q1. What is the full form of NIOS?
Ans: The full form of NIOS is National Institute of Open Schooling.
Q2. Can a 10th passed candidates are eligible for NIIOS?
Ans: Yes, you have to complete your 10th board examination from a recognized board are eligible for NIOS program.
Q3. What is the required percentage to pass NIOS examination?
Ans: Candidates need to obtain 33% marks to pass NIOS examination.
Q4. Am I eligible to take admission in graduation after completion of 12th from NIOS?
Ans: Yes, you are eligible to take admission in graduation after completion of 12th from NIOS.
Q5. Can students from NIOS eligible for entrance examination?
Ans: Yes, students from NIOS are eligible for entrance examination.