The IT full form is Information Technology in the field of computer. Computers and various software is used by the Information Technology for the management of huge amount of information.
In recent times, data has its importance in the field of business and manage i.e. store, process, provide security, transform and retrieve in case of loss of data these data in the electronic system.
To perform various operations in the computer system of an organization, it requires servers, databases, operating systems, physical equipment, etc.
It does not indicate to your home computers, personal computer and networking.
Apart from this, Information Technology is also used for the management of different business domains. Due to its large area of application, it is now used worldwide.
In 1981, for the first time, the term “Information Technology” was coined by Jim Domsic. Sectors like business and telecommunication used this term very frequently.
Classification of IT
IT sector is classified as per their use such as:
- Software Development
- Software design
- Web development
- Database design
- Data management
- Information security
- Web design
Importance of IT
In recent world, IT is the mostly used technology throughout the world. We have mention common use and importance of this technology in the following section.
- This system makes the lives of human very easy and comfort in very large extent.
- To use this technology, computers and their appliances are used to process this technology and nowadays, this term is being used to indicate the computers and relevant career.
- It is very must for a corporate industry to have Information Technology.
- Almost all the operations are performed using computers where IT has very important role to execute role to perform these operations. With the help of this technology, it is possible for the employees to work from home.
- Information Technology plays an important role in the field of telecommunication and also helps to build communication in business sectors.
- Other than these two sectors, various sectors like digital banking, online education, digital marketing & advertising, shopping platforms, medical services, social media marketing, blogging, etc. introduced Information Technology in their field to perform various operations.
Education and Job Opportunities
For the management of Information Technology system, an organization must need a team of experts of this field. Managers are responsible for the installation of IT and other supporting staff help to execute the plan. To execute operations properly, there is a need of supporting staff i.e. well-experienced and expert professional of Information Technology is required.
We can find various types of Information Technology professionals as per their working areas like device management, software creation, hardware components including desktop support, database or storage administrator, and network architecture.
Some popular IT professionals are given below:
- Computer Programmer
- Support Specialist
- Quality Assurance Tester
- IT Technician
- Web Developer
- System Analyst
- Network Engineer
- Database Administrator
- User experience designer
- Computer scientist
- IT security specialist
- Software Engineer
- Data Scientist
- IT director
- Web Administrator
- Management Information Systems Director
- Data Quality Manager
- Applications Engineer
- IT coordinator
- Help Desk Technician
- Cloud System Engineer
There are various courses through which one can choose their career in the above list. Various IT courses can be done as Degree Course, Diploma Course, and Certificate Course.
Most of the IT courses are done as degree course which is of 3 to 4 years. Students can pursue this course almost in every college in India. To take admission in this course, you need to complete 12th examination from authorized board. Generally, fees of this course is around INR 50,000 to INR 2,50,000 per year. You can select a course from the option given above.
Like degree course, IT courses are also available as diploma course. Duration of this course is generally one to two years. You should complete 12th grade from a recognized board. You may spend ₹ 10,000 to INR 50,000 per year.
This courses are of very short term courses of up to one year. If anyone wants to pursue this type of certificate courses, then you have to complete 12th board examination. Fees of this course is up to ₹ 10,000 to ₹ 20,000. After the completion of this courses, one can join various fields of Information Technology.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. What is the full form of IT?
Ans: The full form of IT is Information Technology.
Q2. Who for the first time coined the term Information Technology?
Ans: Jim Domsic for the first time coined the term Information Technology.
Q3. What are the top ranking jobs in IT sector?
Ans: There are many job opportunities in IT sector out of which some familiar jobs in IT sector are Cyber Security Professionals, Machine Learning Professionals, Full Stack Developers, Cloud Computing Professionals, Software Engineers, DevOps Engineer, Blockchain Engineer, IoT Solutions Architect etc.
Q4. How can a student become IT professionals?
Ans: Jobs are easily available in the IT sector and one can join any one of option by simply doing some relevant courses. You can join degree courses, diploma courses and certificate courses to become eligible.
Q5. What is the minimum qualification required to join IT courses?
Ans: Candidates must complete 12th board examination to join IT courses.