IIT Full Form, Admission Procedure, Courses 2023

The IIT full form is Indian Institute of Technology. In the field of engineering, IIT is the most popular name across India. IIT allows students to pursue higher education in engineering across India. Institutes of Technology Act 1961 governed the rules and regulations of 19 IITs that are situated in India.

There are many postgraduate and graduate programmes that are offered by IITs such as electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and many others. Each of the IIT is autonomous in nature and are connected with a common council who manage the department of administration.

There is an ex official Chairperson of the council of IIT who is form the department of education minister. According to a data, there are approximately 16,000 undergraduate seats collectively from all the IITs.

IIT Full Form and Courses

Students from IITs are making India proud not only in India but also across the world in various companies.

History of IIT

In 1946, Sir Jogendra Singh, Viceroy’s Executive Council create a committee to take into consideration about the establishment of Higher Technical Institutions to develop industry in India after war.

There are 22 members in the committee with Nalini Ranjan Sarkar as head which recommended to establish technical institutions across India following the pattern of Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Hijli Detention Camp, in Kharagpur, West Bengal, was the first IIT which was founded in the month of May in 1950. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad adopted the nomenclature of these institutions as “Indian Institution of Technology” prior to the inauguration i.e. before 18th August 1951.

The Indian Institution of Technology Act was passed in the parliament of India considering it as institutions for national importance on 15th September 1956.

On the basis of recommendation suggested by the Sarkar committee, more four campuses were set up at different places in India are Bombay (1958), Madras (1959), Kanpur (1959), and Delhi (1961). Places are chosen to spread across India to avoid imbalance of region. Over the time, there are some amendment in the Indian Institution of Technology to add new IITs.

Due to the agitation of students in Assam, the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi promised to set up a new IIT in the state of Assam and a new institution was established at Guwahati in 1994 as per the Assam accord.

In the year of 2001, the University of Roorkee become the IIT of Roorkee. In 2003 in the month of October, the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee made an announcement for the creation of new IITs in the coming years.

For this reason, a committee which is named as S K Joshi Committee was formed in the month of November, 2003, to take suggestions for the conversion of five institutions that will become new IITs.

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In the time period of 2008 to 2009, there are addition of new IITs at different places are Gandhinagar, Jodhpur, Hyderabad, Indore, Patna, Bhubaneswar, Ropar, and Mandi. Banaras Hind University was also made to a part of IITs and named as IIT (BHU) Varanasi.

More six new IITs were founded in Tirupati, Palakkad, Dharwad, Bhilai, Goa, and Jammu by getting approval from the 2016 amendment bill.

Organizational Structure of IITs

The President of India has the residual power and the ex-officio visitor being the most powerful member in the structure of organization of Indian Institutes of Technology.

Council of IIT is the next which is just under the President consisting minister of union government who is responsible for technical education, the chairman of all the IITs, all director of all IITs, University Grant Commission chairman, CSIR director general, chairman and director of IISc, any three member of Parliament, the Joint Council Secretary of Ministry of Education, three appointees from Union Government, AICTE and the visitors.

Courses Offered by IITs

There are many programmes for undergraduate (UG), postgraduate (PG) and doctorate (PhD) students that are offered by IITs.

UG Programmes:

Bachelor of Science (BS), Dual Degree (B Tech – M Tech), Dual Degree (BS & MS), Bachelor of Architecture (BArch), Bachelor of Design (B Des), Joint MSc-PhD.

PG Programmes:

Master of Science (MSc), Dual Degree (MSc-PhD), Master of Design (M. Des), Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Philosophy (MPhil).

Major Specializations in IITs:

Computer Science Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Civil Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Marine Engineering.

Significance of IITs for India

For the development and advancement in the field of research and technology in India IITs has major contribution. IITs has played major role in many inventions and research in the country.

Every year lots of outstanding engineers are produced who are making India proud in their respective fields.

Without IITs, it would be very difficult for India to make such kind of advancement in the field of technology that is in the current situation.

Admission Procedure for IITs

To take admission for B. Tech and Dual degree programmes at any IITs, you must fulfil certain requirements. You have to secure the qualifying marks in the entrance examination.

A nation-wide entrance examination JEE Main and JEE Advanced is conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to fill up the vacancies in IITs. The process of admission is completed in three phases as:

  • Phase 1: JEE Main
  • Phase 2: JEE Advanced
  • Phase 3: Counselling which is also known as Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA)
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Your rank in the entrance examination is not depended on the marks obtained in the JEE Main examination, as it is based on the performance in the JEE Advanced examination.

In case of M. Tech programmes, you have to qualify Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). All the students who are in the final year of their engineering course are eligible to appear in Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).

After the publication of ranks of JEE Advanced, students must choose their preferred stream to get selected in the IITs. Seats is allocated to the students as per their ranks and available seats. You must do confirmation of your seat within a specific period at the IIT where you want to take admission.

You will get all details information regarding date of admission, process and about the required documents.

List of IITs

Here, we have mentioned some familiar IITs which are based on some certain parameters.

1. IIT Madras

  • Establishment Year: 1959
  • B. Tech Seats: 505
  • B. Tech Programmes: 9
  • Ranking: 1
  • Niche courses: Dual Programme in Biological Engineering, Engineering Design

2. IIT Delhi

  • Establishment Year: 1963
  • B. Tech Seats: 799
  • B. Tech Programmes: 11
  • Ranking: 2

Niche courses: M. Tech in Applied Optics, Atmospheric-Oceanic Science and Technology, Design of Mechanical Equipment, Industrial Tribology and Maintenance Engineering, Molecular Engineering, Radio Frequency Design and Technology, Rock Engineering and Underground Structure, Solid-State Materials, Design engineering and B. Tech in Production and Industrial Engineering.

3. IIT Bombay

  • Establishment Year: 1958
  • B. Tech Seats: 778
  • B. Tech Programmes: 8
  • Ranking: 3
  • Niche courses: M. Tech in Petroleum Geoscience

4. IIT Kanpur

  • Establishment Year: 1959
  • B. Tech Seats: 690
  • B. Tech Programmes: 15
  • Ranking: 4 Niche courses: B. Tech in Biological Sciences and Bioengineering

5. IIT Kharagpur

  • Establishment Year: 1951
  • B. Tech Seats: 690
  • B. Tech Programmes: 15
  • Ranking: 5

Niche courses: B. Tech in Industrial & Systems Engineering; M. Tech in Medical Imaging &Informatics; Dual in Agricultural and Food Engineering + M. Tech in Any of The available Specialisations, Mining Safety Engineering, Quality Engineering Design and Manufacturing; Integrated programme in Applied Geology, Exploration Geophysics.

6. IIT Roorkee

  • Establishment Year: 2001
  • B. Tech Seats: 879
  • B. Tech Programmes: 11
  • Ranking: 6
  • Niche courses: B. Tech in Paper and Pulp Engineering, Polymer Science and Engineering; Dual in Geological Technology, Geophysical Technology

7. IIT Guwahati

  • Establishment Year: 1994
  • B. Tech Seats: 702
  • B. Tech Programmes: 10
  • Ranking: 7
  • Niche courses: B. Tech in Disaster Management, Petroleum Engineering

8. IIT Hyderabad

  • Establishment Year: 2008
  • B. Tech Seats: 294
  • B. Tech Programmes: 9
  • Ranking: 8
  • Niche courses: B. Tech in Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering.

9. IIT Dhanbad

  • Establishment Year: 1926
  • B. Tech Seats: 919
  • B. Tech Programmes: 13
  • Ranking: 11
  • Niche courses: B. Tech in Mineral Engineering, Mining Machinery Engineering.
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10. IIT (BHU) Varanasi

  • Establishment Year: 2008
  • B. Tech Seats: 876
  • B. Tech Programmes: 100
  • Ranking: 14

Niche courses: B. Tech in Ceramic Engineering, Pharmaceutical Engineering & Technology; M. Tech in Thermal Science and Engineering, Climate Science and Technology; Dual in Biochemical Engineering + M. Tech in Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Industrial Chemistry, Civil Engineering + Transportation Engineering.

More Related Full Forms:

AIIMS Full FormNCERT Full Form
ITI Full FormIAS Full Form
MBBS Full FormB Tech Full form
CBSE Full FormCFO Full Form

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What is the full form of IIT?

Ans: The full form of IIT is Indian Institute of Technology.

Q2. What is the duration of a course in IITs?

Ans: The B. Tech courses in IITs are of four-year that has eight semesters. For integrated course and dual degree, it will take five years to complete that contains ten semesters.

Q3. Is it possible to change branch in IITs?

Ans: Yes, IITs allows students to change to the branch of their choice by simply following the instructions of the specific IIT.

Q4. What is the number of IITs in India?

Ans: As per the latest information, there are 23 IITs across India including 16 IITs that are founded after 2004.

Q5. How many IITs are old and mention their name?

Ans: There were seven old IITs in India which are IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Kanpur, IIT Roorkee, IIT Guwahati and IIT Delhi.

Q6. Mention the Name of oldest IIT in India.

Ans: Out of the 23 IITs that are situated in India, IIT Kharagpur is the oldest among them that was founded in the year of 1951.

Q7. Which IIT is at top position in India?

Ans: According to the ranking list of NIRF 2021, IIT Madras obtained the top position all over the India.

Q8. What are the best courses in IIT Madras?

Ans: The programmes of B. Tech of Dual Programme in Biological Engineering, Engineering Design is the best programme in IIT Madras.

Q9. Who conducts the entrance examinations for the admission in IITs?

Ans: NTA (National Testing Agency) conducts the entrance examinations for the admission in IITs.

Q10. Can I pursue PG from IITs in India?

Ans: Yes, you can pursue PG courses in India. You have to crack GATE to take admission in PG courses.


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