The term Computer has no full form which means it is not considered as an acronym. This word is taken from a Latin word ‘computare’ meaning “to sum up”, “to count” or “to calculate”. So, we can see that, it is has some meaning of its own and is nothing but a word.
We have heard many hypothetical full forms regarding computer. The most popular full form of Computer which is used in many purpose is ‘Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Education Research’. This full form has no proper meaning for which it is used.
Computer, an electronic device, calculations are done using this machine without wasting much time. This was the main purpose at the initial time of invention as calculation required lots of space.
In the recent scenario, we can perform logical and arithmetic functions in the computer which perform operations as per the given instructions. The works performed by a computer is totally correct.
The father of computer, Charles Babbage, plans to develop an analytical engine and in the coming times, it is popular as the computer.
Types of Computer
As per the capability of handling data, computer can be classified into three types such as Analogue Computer, Digital Computer, Hybrid Computer.
Analogue Computer: This type of computers is designed in such as a way that process the analogue data. Data changes frequently within a fixed given values.
Digital Computer: The design of digital computer is such that are able to calculate and logical operations in just few seconds.
Hybrid Computer: As the name indicate, it is a combination of analogue and digital computer. It can perform very fast like analogue computer and, memory and accuracy is similar to the digital computer.
Generation of Computer
Generation of computers indicates the improvement of computer technology over time. Electronic Circuits were introduced used to perform operation like counting in 1946. Instead of Mechanical parts which were used in the previous system, electronic circuit pathways were developed.
First Generation Computer
In the computers of first generation, the CPU and memory mainly consists of vacuum tubes which were very expensive, slow and huge in size. Batch operating system and punch cards were the basic foundation of this type of computers.
Some familiar first generation computers are ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer), UNIVACI (Universal Automatic Computer), IBM-701, IBM-650.
Second Generation Computer
Transistors were used in the second generation computers which is compact, cheap and require very less power. It performs operation faster than the previous generation i.e. first generation.
To process program and various operations, there are some assembly and program languages are used such as COBOL and FORTRAN, in the second generation computers.
Some familiar second generation computers are IBM 1620, IBM 7094, CDC 1604, CDC 3600, UNIVAC 1108.
Third Generation Computer
Integrated circuits (ICs) replaced the transistors in the third generation computers. The power of computer was increased with less cost. This time computer is more advanced having reliability, efficiency and the size is also decreased.
COBOL, ALGOL-68, FORTRON-II TO IV are some high-level program languages were used in the computers of third generation.
Example of some computer of this series are IBM-360 series, Honeywell-6000 series, PDP (Personal Data Processor), IBM-370/168, TDC-316.
Fourth Generation Computer
Very large scale integrated (VLSI) circuits was the main feature of the fourth generation computers. A chip made up of millions of transistors and other required elements.
Computers of this generation are fur more modified with more compact, fast, powerful and affordable. Some more developed languages such as DBASE, C, C++ become more popular and used in the fourth generation computers.
Some of the fourth generation computers are DEC 10, STAR 1000, PDP 11, CRAY-1(Super Computer), CRAY-X-MP (Super Computer).
Fifth Generation Computer
ULSI (Ultra Large Scale Integration) was used instead of VLSI technology in the fifth generation computers. During this time microprocessor chips were made using electronic components of approximately ten million. Programing languages like Java, .net, C++, C were used in the fifth generation computers.
Some popular types of the fifth generation computers are Desktop, Laptop, Notebook, Ultrabook, Chromebook.
Different Parts of Computer
There are many parts which is in combination makes a computer and is classified as software and hardware.
Hardware parts of a computer is defined as the physical part of the computer. Some of the hardware parts of a computer are mouse, keyboard, monitor etc.
We will briefly discuss about the different hardware parts of a computer.
This is the essential part of a computer and all the processor of a computer is attached to the it. All the ports that are used for connection both output as well as input devices are situated near motherboard.
CPU is popularly known as the brain of the computer. Its main operation is to process the data and provide us the results.
The full form of RAM is Random Access Memory. It is responsible to save all the activities we perform on the computer but erased when we close it.
All the essential information is saved to the hard drive we used in the computer. Other than this, all the software we install in the computer is saved in the hard drive.
Software Used in Computer
Software is a system of instructions that inform a computer how to operate. To perform various essential tasks in computer we must install software. The main and important software is the OS or Operating System of the computer.
The most popular operating system is Microsoft windows, otherwise iOS, Linux and Ubuntu are also famous.
For different purpose, various types of software are used. Some of the popular software are MS PowerPoint, MS Office, Photoshop, etc.
Advantage of Computer
We cannot imagine our life without computer and influenced our daily life in large extent. Some of the advantage of computer are:
- We are able to perform multiple tasks at a certain time and thousands of instructions are followed by computers.
- Accuracy of performance by a computer is very high and it follows the instruction that are given to it.
- Another advantage of computer is its speed. Modern version of computer can do lots of things within very sort moment.
From the above discussion, we can understand that computer has no definite full form. But, there are some full form of computer that are in trend.
A to Z Computer Related Full Form
The computer is the most important and useful device. We use computer every day with many abbreviations, so let’s know the full form of some abbreviations.
Computer Hardware Related full form
|CPU||Central Processing Unit|
|DVD||Digital Video Disk|
|FDD||Floppy Disk Drive|
|HDMI||High Definition Multimedia|
|LCD||Liquid Crystal Display|
|LED||Light Emitting Diode|
|NTFS||New Technology File System|
|Prom||Programmable Read-Only Memory|
|RAM||Random Access Memory|
|SMPS||Switch Mode Power Supply|
|UPS||Uninterrupted Power Supply|
|USB||Universal Serial Bus|
|VDU||Visual Display Unit|
|VGA||Video Graphics Array|
Computer Software Related full form
|BIOS||Basic Input Output System|
|ALU||Arithmetic Logic Unit|
|DVI||Digital Visual Interface|
|VIRUS||Vital Information Resources Under|
Memory or Storage Related full form
|HDD||Hard Disk Drive|
|SSD||Solid State Drive|
Programming Languages full forms
|ASP||Active Server Pages|
|BASIC||Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code|
|CLX||Component Library for Cross Platform|
|COBOL||Common Business-Oriented Language|
|GW-BASIC||Graphics and Windows Beginner‘s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code|
|PERL||Practical Extraction and Report Language|
|QBASIC||Quick Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code|
|SMIL||Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language|
|SQL||Structured Query Language|
|VBS||Visual Basic Script|
|XBL||XML Binding Language|
|XML||Extensible Mark-up Language|
Networking Related full form
|WAN||Wide Area Network|
|WLAN||Wireless Local Area Network|
|DNS||Domain Name System|
|HTML||Hyper Text Markup Language|
|ISP||Internet Service Provider|
|VPS||Virtual Private Server|
|URL||Uniform Resource Locator|
|GSM||Global System for Mobile Communication|
|CDMA||Code Division Multiple Access|
|SIM||Subscriber Identity Module|
|WWW||World Wide Web|
|GPRS||General Packet Radio Service|
Computer File Format Related full form
|3GP||3GPP file format|
|AAC||Advanced Audio Coding|
|abs||Abscissa Data File|
|AIFF||Audio Interchange File Format|
|ASF||Advanced Systems Format|
|ASI||Asynchronous Serial Interface|
|AVC||Advanced Video Coding|
|AVI||Audio Video Interleave|
|CCE||Cinema Craft Encoder|
|COD||Compiled Source Code|
|CSV||The comma-separated values|
|DVI||Digital Video Interactive|
|FLAC||Free Lossless Audio Codec|
|GIF||The Graphics Interchange Format|
|IRF||Intrasis Raw File|
|JAD||Java Application Descriptor|
|JPEG||Joint Photographic Experts Group|
|MP3||MPEG Audio Layer III|
|MPEG||Motion Picture Experts Group|
|OSS||Open Sound System|
|Portable Document Format|
|PNG||Portable Network Graphics|
|QIF||Quicken Interchange Format|
|SIS||Software Installation Script|
|TIFF||Tagged Image File Format|
|UHD||Ultra High Definition|
|VBR||Variable Bit Rate|
|WAV||Waveform Audio File Format|
|WMA||Windows Media Audio|
|WMV||Windows Media Video|
|xACT||X Audio Compression Toolkit|
|XLS||Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet|
Computer Courses Related full form
|ADCA||Advance Diploma in Computer Application|
|BCA||Bachelor of Computer Application|
|PGDCA||Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Application|
|COPA||Computer Operator cum Programming Assistant|
|CSE||Computer Science Engineering|
|DCA||Diploma in Computer Application|
|DCE||Diploma in Computer Engineering|
|MCA||Master of Computer Application|
Hopefully this post will help you to know the Computer Full Form, Types, Different Parts, Advantages, Popular brands, etc. For get more full form like this visit this website regular basis. Also, you can follow us on Facebook and Twitter to get latest post notification immediately.
Computer Full Form: FAQs
Q1. What is the full form of computer?
Ans: The full form of computer is C-Commonly, O-Operated, M-Machine, P-Particularly, U-Used for, T-Technology, E-Education and R-Research.
Q2. Who is known as the “Father of Modern Computer”?
Ans: Charles Babbage is known as the “Father of Modern Computer”.
Q3. What are the hardware parts of computer?
Ans: Hardware parts of a computer are keyboard, mouse, monitor etc.
Q4. What are the software parts of a computer?
Ans: The software parts of a computer are MS PowerPoint, MS Office, Photoshop etc.
Q5. What are the programs used in the fifth generation computers?
Ans: Java, .net, C++, C are the programs used in the fifth generation computer.