The full form of the abbreviation CBI is Central bureau of Investigation. The headquarter of this central organization is situated in New Delhi.
This is the central organization of the Government of India that is take care of the security and works as a body of criminal investigation. A senior officer is appointed as the head of this department.
Apart from this, Superintendent of Police, Deputy Inspector General of Police, Sub-Inspector and Constables are the officers who work under the head of the department. Prime Minister of India controls the works of CBI with the motto “Industry, Impartiality, and Integrity”.
The CBI is considered as the prime investigation agency of India. Right to Information Act is not applied on the CBI (Central bureau of Investigation).
- Name of the Organization: Central bureau of Investigation
- Year of Establishment: 1942, renamed as CBI on 1st April 1963.
- Headquarters: New Delhi, India
- Jurisdiction: Government of India
- Motto: Industry, Impartiality, and Integrity
Establishment of CBI
In 1941, Special Police Establishment was set up to look into vigilance cases and merged to the CBI. To prevent corruption, Santhanam Committee recommended for the establishment of CBI. Ministry of Home Affairs passed a resolution to form CBI.
But, in the upcoming times, the responsibility of the CBI was transferred to the Ministry of Personnel and in recent years, they performed their roles as an attached office.
In 1963, Special Police Establishment was changed its name to CBI. D.P. Kohli was appointed as the first director of the CBI. They are given some extra responsibilities such as murder, kidnapping and terrorism.
Functions of CBI
- The CBI acts as the main agent of GOI’s for investigation. It is a non-statutory body. They have the power according to the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.
- Their main responsibility is at the administration level for the prevention of corruption and maintaining integrity. In case of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, CVC (Central Vigilance Commission) controls the operation of CBI.
- They involved for the investigation of cases related to the violation of economics and fiscal laws that means they investigate the matters of customs and central excise, export and import control, income tax, foreign exchange regulations, and other matters. Generally, they involve in this cases if they are requested by the concerned department or after the consultation of the specific department.
- They involved in the investigation of serious cases that have ramification at the national or international level or the specific crime that is operated by the criminals who are professionals or belongs to the organized gangs.
- They assist in the operation of police forces and anti-corruption agencies of different states.
- As per the order given by the state government, CBI involved on that case and investigate the matter.
- They maintain the statistic of crime and disseminate the information of criminals.
- The CBI represents India with the INTERPOL for correspondence.
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The Cases CBI Handled
Investigation of Special Crimes: They can be a part of investigation if the Supreme Court and High Courts orders to do so in cases like terrorism, bomb blasts, ransom through kidnapping and criminal activities done by the underworlds or international criminals.
Crimes in the area of Economics: They are asked to involved in the cases where financial scams or frauds are major or considered serious.
Crimes like Fake Indian Currency Notes, Bank Frauds and Cyber Crime, violation of laws in Import Export & Foreign Exchange, smuggling involved in narcotics, antiques, cultural property and other items that are contraband.
Crimes related to Anti-Corruption: If there is any case that are within the Prevention of Corruption Act, then they are asked to investigate the matter. In such cases, mainly, higher officials of public or central government, Public Sector Undertakings, Corporations or Bodies that are under the Government of India.
Cases under Suo Motto: In case of Union Territories, CBI has the authority of suo-moto to investigate any offense.
- With the prior consent of the specific state government, CBI can investigate an offense through the authorization of central government.
- In case the Supreme Court and High Courts ordered for investigation anywhere across the country, they can take up the case even against the consent of that state.
Members of CBI
The responsibility of the organization in the administration are on Director, Delhi Special Police Establishment, Inspector General of Police.
According to the DSPE Act, 1946, the directors of CBI was appointed till 2014. But, after 2014 with the introduction of the Lokpal Act, a committee will be formed for the appointment of the director of CBI.
- Prime Minister acts as the head.
- Other Staffs- Leader of Opposition or Leader of the single largest party in opposition, Chief Justice of India or a Supreme Court Judge.
- A list prepared by the Home Ministry of eligible candidates are send to the DoPT. By considering the facts like seniority, integrity, and work experience in the anti-corruption cases, DoPT makes a list of final selected candidates and forwarded to the concerned committee.
Under the CVC Act, 2003, the director of CBI gets a special security during their tenure.
Directors of the CBI
We have mention here the name of the directors of the CBI of India with their tenure below as:
- D. P. Kohli: 1 April 1963 – 31 May 1968
- F. V. Arul: 31 May 1968 – 6 May 1971
- D. Sen: 6 May 1971 – 29 March 1977
- S. N. Mathur: 29 March 1977 – 2 May 1977
- C. V. Narsimhan: 2 May 1977- 25 November 1977
- John Lobo: 25 November 1977 – 30 June 1979
- R. D. Singh: 30 June 1979 – 24 January 1980
- J. S. Bajwa: 24 January 1980 – 28 February 1985
- M. G. Katre: 28 February 1985 – 31 October 1989
- A. P. Mukherjee: 31 October 1989 – 11 January 1990
- R. Sekhar: 11 January 1990 – 14 February 1990
- S. K. Datta: 14 February 1990 – 31 July 1993
- K. V. R. Rao: 31 July 1993 – 31 July 1996
- Joginder Singh: 31 July 1996 – 30 June 1997
- R. C. Sharma: 30 June 1997 – 31 January 1998
- D. R. Karthikeyan (acting): 31 January 1998 – 31 March 1998
- T. N. Mishra (acting): 31 March 1998 – 4 January 1999
- R. K. Raghavan: 4 January 1999 – 1 April 2001
- P. C. Sharma: 1 April 2001 – 6 December 2003
- U. S. Misra: 6 December 2003 – 6 December 2005
- Vijay Shanker Tiwari: 12 December 2005 – 31 July 2008
- Ashwani Kumar: 2 August 2008 – 30 November 2010
- A. P. Singh: 30 November 2010 – 30 November 2012
- Ranjit Sinha: 3 December 2012 – 2 December 2014
- Anil Sinha: 3 December 2014 – 2 December 2016
- Rakesh Asthana (Special Director): 3 December 2016 – 31 January 2017
- Raaz P: 1 February 2017 – 10 January 2019
- M. Nageshwar Rao (interim): 24 October 2018 – 1 February 2019
- Rishi Kumar Shukla: 2 February 2019 – 2 February 2021
- Praveen Sinha (interim): 2 February 2021 – 25 May 2021
- Subodh Kumar Jaiswal: 25 May 2021 – Present
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Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. What is the full form of the CBI?
Ans: The full form of the CBI is Central bureau of Investigation.
Q2. What is the average salary of CBI?
Ans: The average salary of CBI is in the range of Rs. 44900 to Rs. 142400.
Q3. How CBI director is appointed?
Ans: A committee formed by the central government consisting the Chief Justice of India, the Prime Minister of India, Leader of Opposition or Leader of the single largest party in opposition.
Q4. Who was the first director of the CBI?
Ans: D.P. Kohli was the first director of the CBI.
Q5. What is the motto of CBI?
Ans: The motto of CBI is Industry, Impartiality, and Integrity.